SEIZURE DISORDERS

Seizure Disorders

A seizure is a sudden change in behavior caused by electrical hypersynchronization of neuronal networks in the cerebral cortex (gray matter). What does this mean? The electrical activity of the brain gets “messed up” randomly and disrupts normal brain function.

What is the Presentation of a seizure? Seizures can appear as abnormal sensations, altered awareness (e.g., confusion spells), convulsions – both generalized (e.g., full body shaking tonic-clonic movements) and focal involuntary movements (e.g., twitching of lip, or an arm). Most seizures are relatively brief, lasting a few seconds to a few minutes. Most people who have a seizure disorder behave & look normal in between seizures.

The key is to figure out if the seizure has a reason (provoked) or is it part of an underlying disorder (epilepsy).

Types of seizures

Seizures may be described as follows:

  • Epileptic Seizures: Epileptic seizures have no trigger & are unprovoked & may occur two or more times. Only one seizure cannot be considered as epilepsy. Epileptic seizures are known as seizure disorder or epilepsy. The causes for epileptic seizures are unknown but can be caused by various brain disorders like strokes, tumors or structural abnormalities from head trauma, hence are called symptomatic epilepsy.
  • Non-epileptic Seizures: Non-epileptic Seizures are triggered/provoked by a temporary condition that irritates the brain such as an infection or a reaction to a drug or a head injury.

Treatment of Seizure Disorders

  • Elimination of the cause if possible; treat the underlying condition
  • Anti-epileptic medications to prevent and treat seizures
  • Sometimes epilepsy surgery if drugs are ineffective
  • And seizure action plan for when a seizure does occur

If a doctor can identify the cause of the seizures & once its eliminated, no additional treatment is necessary. Dr. Malhotra, a top neurologist in NYC (Source: America’s Best Doctors 2021) is an expert in treating seizure disorders & can help you with finding the correct treatment. You can book an appointment today by clicking on the “Call Me” button below & we’ll book an appointment with Dr. Malhotra as per your convenience.